IBICCS

International Bikeshare Impacts on Cycling and Collisions Study (IBICCS)

IBICCS examined the health impacts of public bicycle share programs (PBSPs). Specifically, this study examined the impact of public bicycle share programs on population-levels of cycling and risk of collisions between cyclists and motor vehicles in North America. The study compared changes in cycling and risk of collisions over time in cities that either had an existing or newly implemented public bicycle share program (Montreal, Toronto, Boston, New York, Chicago) with control cities that did not have a public bicycle share program (Vancouver, Philadelphia, and New York). Almost 24,000 residents (n=23,901) were surveyed across three time-points (2012, 2013, and 2014). 

KEY FINDINGS

This study found that living in closer proximity to bicycle share predicted increases in cycling over time for those living in cities with newly implemented PBSPs at 2-year follow-up. No change was seen over time for those living in closer proximity to bicycle share in cities with existing PBSPs relative to those in cities with no PBSP.

PUBLICATIONS

Fuller, D., Gauvin, L., Dubé, A. S., Winters, M., Teschke, K., Russo, E. T., … & Friedman, S. M. (2014). Evaluating the impact of environmental interventions across 2 countries: the International Bikeshare Impacts on Cycling and Collisions Study (IBICCS) Study protocol. BMC public health14(1), 1103. [article]

Hosford, K., Winters, M., Gauvin, L., Camden, A., Dubé, A. S., Friedman, S. M., & Fuller, D. (2019). Evaluating the impact of implementing public bicycle share programs on cycling: the International Bikeshare Impacts on Cycling and Collisions Study (IBICCS). International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity16(1), 107. [article]

FUNDING

Funding for IBICSS was provided by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research through a Population Health Intervention Research Grant.